Genital warts are one of the most common sexually transmitted infection STI. It is caused by HPV (human papillomavirus). The disease is not curable, but its symptoms can be managed and treated easily. It is diagnosed through inspection by a medical practitioner where a lens is used.
Simple observation easily diagnoses it unlike with other STDs which are identified by their symptoms. A hand lens is used to observe the signs for easier diagnosis. Warts are not painful, but they can be irritated by trauma or friction.
The treatment method is dependent on the level of infection. This includes volume, texture, and size of warts. Genital warts can be treated by the two types of medical treatments available. They include:
This method is used in the treatment of small fleshy warts. It eliminates warts by physically burning them off. It clears warts in month one month period. Once burned and healed, warts do not recur.
Aldara (imiquimod) this is a special cream used in the treatment of genital warts. It works better on the larger warts. The cream helps the body’s immune system to fight warts.
Through this method, it might take several months or weeks to treat warts completely. The major drawback of this approach is that the treated warts are likely to recur.
This option is applied for large warts which have failed to respond to other medical treatments. This involves burning genital warts by passing some current through it. However, the treatment is painful.
Through this method, dry ice or liquid nitrogen is used to freeze warts. This causes their outer membranes to split, thus killing the wars cells. It roughly takes three weeks to heal the skin completely after undergoing this treatment. You are advised to abstain from having sex until you are fully healed.
This is used in treating larger warts which are not accessible by other methods, for instance, they can be used to deal with those warts which occur deep inside the urethra or anus.
This involves cutting off warts using a scalpel. This is then followed by stitching the wounds. The method is used on either larger or smaller warts which are very hard to touch. This helps to avoid scarring.